PANDEMIC OUTBREAK OF CORONAVIRUS DISEASE 2019 (COVID-19)

Coronaviruses are a group of related viruses that cause diseases in mammals and birds. In humans, coronaviruses cause respiratory tract infections – illnesses that affect lungs and airways.

Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) outbreak was reported in Wuhan, China in December 2019. The strain of coronavirus that caused COVID-19 has been identified as a new strain of coronavirus. It is highly contagious and very deadly. The disease had killed about 13,000 people across the globe as at 21st March, 2020. The death toll is still counting. Many doctors, nurses and other medical professionals who were treating the victims are among the dead. The disease has ravaged many countries of the world. It caught many unprepared. 

Coronavirus

Iran: The first case of COVID-19 in Iran was recorded on 20th February, 2020. Within a span of four weeks, Iran recorded total cases of over 20,000 and total deaths of over 1,500.

Italy: The first case of COVID-19 in Italy was recorded on 31st January, 2020. Within a span of seven weeks, Italy recorded total cases of over 53,000 and total deaths of over 4,800.

Coronavirus COVID-19 patient in critical condition

Spain: The first case of COVID-19 in Spain was recorded on 31st January, 2020. Within a span of seven weeks, Spain recorded total cases of over 25,000 and total deaths of over 1,370.

USA: The first case of COVID-19 in USA was recorded on 24th January, 2020. Within a span of eight weeks, USA recorded total cases of over 22,000 and total deaths of over 280.

China: The first case of COVID-19 in China was traced to November, 2020. As at 21st March 2020, China recorded total cases of over 81,000 and total deaths of over 3,250.

France: The first case of COVID-19 in France was recorded on 24th January, 2020. Within a span of eight weeks, France recorded total cases of over 12,600  and total deaths of 450.

United Kingdom: The first case of COVID-19 in UK was recorded on 31st January, 2020. Within a span of seven weeks, UK recorded total cases of over 4,000 and total deaths of over 230.

Data from countries mostly affected by Coronavirus COVID-19 as at 21st March, 2020. Source: Coronavirus – worldometer

As at 21st March 2020, the deadly COVID-19 has affected 186 countries and territories around the world. Many social activities and gatherings have been called off around the world. Prestigious UEFA Champions League has been suspended by UEFA. Football leagues and other sporting activities have been suspended in many affected countries. Schools have been closed down. Religious gatherings e.g in churches and mosques, have been suspended. People are asked to stay at home to prevent the spread of the deadly disease.

Deserted street in Milan, Italy
An aerial view of deserted roads and bridges in Wuhan, China, February 3, 2020.

Life of COVID-19 Coronovirus on Surfaces: Check the chart below.

Symptoms of COVID-19: Symptoms of coronavirus COVID-19 include a cough, a high temperature and shortness of breath.

Surfaces that May Transmit the Virus: The following surfaces may transmit the virus: money, shopping carts, walls, sinks, windows, remote controls, door knob/handles, staircase rails, phones, lift buttons, ATM/ ticket machines, keyboards, mice, door bell buttons, etc. 

How to Protect Yourself and Others: Check the chart below.

At present, there are no vaccines or antiviral drugs to prevent or treat human coronavirus infections. However, there are clinical trials on-going on the use of chloroquine and hydroxychloroquine to treat COVID-19 based on the comment of the president of United States of America, Donald Trump who boasted about the “very encouraging results” of the two drugs as treatments for the virus. He claimed that the medications have “gone through the approval process” and that “we’re going to be able to make that drug available almost immediately.”

Could the anti-malarial drug chloroquine treat COVID-19? Check the link below:

https://www.livescience.com/chloroquine-coronavirus-treatment.html

(Photo Credits: www.webmd.com, www.worldometer.info/coronavirus, www.dailymail.co.uk, www.allodocteurs.fr, www.nepal24hours.com)

 

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