Coronaviruses are a group of related viruses that cause diseases in mammals and birds. In humans, coronaviruses cause respiratory tract infections – illnesses that affect lungs and airways.

Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) outbreak was reported in Wuhan, China in December 2019. The strain of coronavirus that caused COVID-19 has been identified as a new strain of coronavirus. It is highly contagious and very deadly. As at 7th of April, 2020, the disease had killed over 81,000 people across the world and the death toll is still counting. Many doctors, nurses and other medical professionals who were treating the victims are among the dead. The disease has ravaged many countries of the world. It caught many unprepared. 


There have been many conspiracy theories which link coronavirus COVID-19 to 5G wireless technology. Some people believe that 5G wireless technology caused coronavirus COVID-19. Some other people believe that what has been killing people is 5G wireless technology and not COVID-19. Some people believe that coronavirus COVID-19 is hoax. One of our famous pastors in Nigeria, pastor Chris Oyakhilome is of the opinion that what is killing people is 5G wireless technology and not COVID-19. Hear him in the video below:

Coronavirus COVID-19 is simply what it is, as explained above.

What is 5G Wireless Technology?

5G is simply the fifth generation of wireless communications technologies for cellular data networks. It is the latest technology in wireless communications. It brings an advancement or improvement in wireless communications e.g. internet services, audio communications, visual communications, audio-visual communications, video sharing, live-streaming of events, etc.

Like the 4G, 5G communication requires the use of communications devices e.g mobile phones, laptops etc. 5G internet speed tops at 10 gigabytes/s. Its speed is one hundred times faster than the current 4G technology. It’s amazing.

5G Wireless Technology

Some of the benefits of 5G are as follows:

1. Greeter transmission speed: Transmission speed in 5G can actually approach 20 gigabytes/s.

2. Lower Latency: 5G computer network is optimised to process a very high volume of data messages with minimal delay (latency).

3. Greater number of connected devices with instant connection to the internet. This is another benefit of 5G. Imagine this scenario with 3G or 4G: You were in a school or an organisation with large number of staff. All the staff members connected their laptops to the internet at the same time and the internet was very slow due to overcrowding. Imagine how frustrating that would be. 5G will easily solve such a problem.

4. Convenient watching of videos on the internet without any hitch or disturbance.

5. Convenient live-streaming of events without any hitch or disturbance.

6. Convenient sharing of videos without any hitch or disturbance.

7. High productivity and more comfort at work places.

8. Etc.

5G Wireless Technology

5G is just an advancement or improvement on 4G. We’ve had 1G, 2G, 3G and 4G. Each “G” is an advancement or improvement on the previous “G”.

The Evolution of 5G

It’s just like an advancement or improvement in evolution of cars. For instance, Volkswagen Golf car evolves through several models and it’s still evolving. Golf 7 is better than Golf 2.

Golf 2
Golf 7

This is simply the summary of what 5G wireless technology is all about. How is 5G now connected to coronavirus COVD-19?

Safety Concern with 5G

First and foremost, 1G, 2G, 3G, 4G and the incoming 5G are all basically from radio waves of electromagnetic spectrum. Electromagnetic spectrum is made up of the following: Radio waves, Microwaves, Infrared rays, Visible light, Ultraviolet rays, X-rays and Gamma rays. The last three rays (i.e. from ultraviolet rays to gamma rays) are ionizing. This simply means they can cause damage to body’s tissues and they can cause DNA damage or mutations. They are carcinogenic. They can actually cause cancer.

Electromagnetic Spectrum

Whether a radiation is ionising or non-ionising is the most important factor used by scientists to clearly determine whether a radiation is dangerous or not. In essence, last three rays (i.e. ultraviolet rays, x-rays and gamma rays) are dangerous radiations.

However, the first four waves/rays (i.e. radio waves, micro waves, infrared rays and visible light) are non-ionising. This means they are too weak to break chemical bonds. All the day to day technological gadgets we use like televisions, radios, phones, laptops, etc, use the radiations from the first four waves/rays. They cannot cause damage to body’s tissues and they cannot cause DNA damage or mutations ordinarily, with the EXCEPTION of micro waves. Microwaves are non-ionising. However, they can cause damage to body’s tissues by heating not through ionising.

From scientific points of view, there have not been any clear cut evidence to show that waves used in 1G, 2G, 3G, 4G and 5G create any human health problems. The concern of some people and organisations on 5G is the fact that 5G uses between 24 and 90 gigahertz (GHz) frequency, a relatively higher frequency range. 1G, 2G, 3G and 4G use between 1 and 5 gigahertz (GHz) frequency.

On the concern about the power and frequency of 5G, Dr Steve Novella, an assistant professor of Neurology at Yale University in US and the editor of Science-Based Medicine points out, ” We’re still talking about power and frequency less than light. You go out in the Sun, and you’re bathed in electromagnetic radiation that’s far greater than 5G cell towers.” Frequency range of visible light of the Sun is actually in the vicinity of 430 to 770 terahertz (THz). This is far more than that of 5G.

Electromagnetic Spectrum

In 2011, the World Health Organization weighed in, classifying Radiofrequency Radiation as a Group 2B agent, which is defined as “Possibly carcinogenic to humans.” Dr Novella disagreed with this too. He said, “you have to look at all the other things they classify as a possible carcinogen. They put it in the same class as things like caffeine. That is such a weak standard that it basically means nothing. It’s like saying ‘everything causes cancer.’”

On 5G wireless technology, Dr Novella says, “With 5G the hazard is low—but non-zero—and the actual risk appears to be zero. We’ve picked up no signal in the real world.”

One area of concern we should be wary of, is the fact that powerful long-distance transmitters are at high energy levels. Radiofrequency energy at such equipment is dangerous. It can heat the body’s tissues rapidly. We need to be careful not to stay close to such transmitters.

In conclusion, there is no any connection whatsoever between 5G wireless technology and coronavirus COVID-19. COVID-19 is a pandemic caused by new strain of coronavirus while 5G is simply an advancement in 4G technology in wireless communications. In few years to come, 5G will be obsolete and we’ll be talking about 6G.

(Photo Credits: www.tronication.wordpress.com, www.civilsdaily.com, www.youtube.com, www.4gltemail.com, www.medium.com, www.cnmeonline.com, www.allodocteurs.fr, www.express.de, www.pinterest.com, www.niehs.nih.gov)

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